Infertility Also called: Sterility
Infertility means not being able to become pregnant after a year of trying. If a woman can get pregnant but keeps having miscarriages or stillbirths that's also called infertility. Infertility is fairly common. After one year of having unprotected sex, about 15 percent of couples are unable to get pregnant. About a third of the time, infertility can be traced to the woman. In another third of cases, it is because of the man. The rest of the time, it is because of both partners or no cause can be found. There are treatments that are specifically for men or for women. Some involve both partners. Drugs, assisted reproductive technology, and surgery are common treatments. Happily, many couples treated for infertility go on to have babies with Tasly product nowadays,
How Does Age Affect Fertility?
Women are born with a finite number of eggs. Thus, as the reproductive years progress, the number and quality of the eggs diminish. The chances of having a baby decrease by 3% to 5% per year after the age of 30. This reduction in infertility is noted to a much greater extent after age 40.
What Causes Female Infertility?
Female infertility can be also be caused by a number of factors, including the following:
· Damage to fallopian tubes. Damage to the fallopian tubes (which carry the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus) can prevent contact between the egg and sperm. Pelvic infections, endometriosis, and pelvic surgeries may lead to scar formation and fallopian tube damage.
· Hormonal causes. Some women have problems with ovulation. Synchronized hormonal changes leading to the release of an egg from the ovary and the thickening of the endometrial (lining of the uterus) in preparation for the fertilized egg do not occur. These problems may be detected using basal body temperature charts, ovulation predictor kits, and blood tests to detect hormone levels.
· Cervical causes. A small group of women may have a cervical condition in which the sperm cannot pass through the cervical canal. Whether due to abnormal mucus production or a prior cervical surgical procedure, this problem may be treated with intrauterine inseminations.
· Uterine causes. Abnormal anatomy of the uterus; the presence of polyps and fibroids.
Tubal cannulation is a procedure to help clear a blockage in the fallopian tubes. The procedure is less invasive than fallopian tube surgery.
Fallopian tube blockage is a common cause of female infertility. As many as 1 in 4 women who have difficulty getting pregnant have a blockage in the fallopian tubes.
Tubal cannulation can help open the fallopian tubes. It may also help your doctor better understand why the blockage occurred.
Sometimes, the procedure is used to create scarring in the fallopian tubes in order to prevent pregnancy in women who do not wish to have children. This is usually a permanent type of birth control.
The doctor inserts a tube called a catheter that is guided over a wire. Ultrasound or real-time moving X-rays of the fallopian tubes may be used to guide your doctor to the correct area. The blocked area in the fallopian tube is opened up using a balloon on the catheter.
Tubal cannulation may be done immediately after a procedure called selective salpingography. During this procedure, dye is first flushed through the catheter to identify and locate a fallopian tube blockage.
Tubal cannulation may be done with or without anesthesia. You may be given a mild sedative to calm your nerves and help you relax.
It is usually an outpatient procedure. That means a hospital stay is not needed and you will likely go home the same day.
The procedure can help your doctor more accurately diagnose and treat a fallopian tube blockage. It may help you avoid more expensive and invasive surgical procedures.
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Internal Scars Could Be Threatening Your Fertility
What is it? Whenever there’s trauma to the uterus, intrauterine (inside the uterus) scarring can result. Some doctors refer to uterine scarring as Asherman’s Syndrome. Although the strict definition of Asherman’s is scarring due to a dilation and curettage (D&C) performed after a miscarriage or retained placenta (where all or part of the placenta is left in the uterus after birth), the definition has been expanded by some to include all cases of uterine scarring, such as that potentially caused by fibroid surgery. Whatever the cause, uterine scarring can diminish the surface area of the endometrium. “So the likelihood that an embryo will get in there and find it a healthy environment to implant is reduced,” says Dr. Herbert. In other words, the scarring can cause infertility.
How will I know I have it? Many women with uterine scarring have light periods, or no periods at all. Some women feel period pain without the actual period, which may indicate that menstruation is occurring, but the blood is trapped in the uterus. Recurrent miscarriage and infertility could also be considered symptoms. In this area you need Tasly Product
Diagnosis and treatment: Intrauterine scarring is usually detected with a hysteroscopy, a procedure where a small, thin telescope is inserted through the cervix. “The good news is, for milder cases we can go in and cut [apart] those areas that are stuck together,” says Dr. Herbert. The trick with Asherman’s surgery is not to cause more scarring, (a natural byproduct of surgery), so doctors leave a small balloon in the uterine cavity to keep it open while it heals. According to the National Institutes of Health, approximately 70 to 80 percent of women who are infertile because of mild to moderate Asherman's syndrome will be able to get pregnant and carry the pregnancy to term after treatment. For those with severe adhesions, full-term pregnancy rates are closer to 20 to 40 percent.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
What is it? Infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and other reproductive organs, which usually results from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), most often chlamydia and gonorrhea. “Bacteria come up from the vagina, the cervix, and the fallopian tube and on their way they create serious damage,” says Dr. Adamson. The scar tissue that PID leaves behind blocks the normal movement of the eggs into the uterus, hindering fertilization. A partially blocked tube may also cause a fertilized egg to remain in the fallopian tube, causing an ectopic—or tubal—pregnancy. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 100,000 women become infertile each year as a result of PID.
How will I know I have it? The symptoms of early pelvic infection can be mild, which is why the disease often goes undetected for a while. Some women do have pain and abdominal tenderness. If you've been treated for an STD in the past you may have scarring left over from the infection, but you probably won’t be aware of it until you try to conceive. “You may have had chlamydia when you were 17 and gotten rid of the bacteria, but the scar tissue is there for life,” says Dr. Olajuwon. Tasly products, help 58 women on this.
Diagnosis and treatment: Doctors can usually diagnose active PID with a physical exam and patient history. “The things we look for are pelvic pain and signs of tenderness on a pelvic exam,” says Dr. Adamson. If a test for gonorrhea or chlamydia comes up positive, you and your partner will be put on Tasly A-1 capsule to clear up the infection. If you’re trying to conceive, a doctor can diagnose scarring in and around the tubes with either a laparoscopy or a hysterosalpingogram, (HSG), an x-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes. If you have relatively minor scarring from a previous bout (or bouts) with PID, laparoscopic surgery (where a tiny camera mounted on a telescope is inserted through a patient’s navel) can remove the scar tissue and restore fertility. If the tubes are severely damaged, you’ll most likely need IVF to get pregnant. But in this area, we don`t believe on operation But Tasly products or go to Self+Treatment
What is it? Any type of surgery in the pelvis or abdomen—even an appendectomy—can cause scarring around the pelvis. Adhesions between the ovaries, tubes, or pelvic walls can inhibit or block the fallopian tube from properly picking up an egg from the ovary, preventing conception. Adhesions or damage inside the tubes can make it difficult for the sperm to reach the egg, making pregnancy less likely.
How will I know I have it? You might have pelvic pain or pain with intercourse, but you probably won’t know about the scarring until you try to get pregnant.
Diagnosis and treatment: HSG can reveal both tubal and uterine blockages, as can laparoscopy and hysteroscopy, which can be used to both diagnose and treat scarring in those areas from past surgeries. In many cases, conception and pregnancy can occur normally afterwards. In severe cases, IVF might be needed for a successful pregnancy. But I will advice you here to go for tasly products or contact+us