HER2-Positive Breast Cancer HER-2 is a protein that is expressed at a high level by about 20% of breast cancers. This is known as having HER-2-positive cancer. Having this receptor means the cancer tends to grow and spread faster than other forms of breast cancer, but there are special treatments available for this type of tumor. The image shows molecular detection of the HER-2 receptor in a breast cancer cell.
Hormone-Sensitive Breast Cancer For example, a biopsy can tell whether the breast cancer has receptors for estrogen (ER-positive) and//or progesterone (PR-positive). This means the tumors grow in response to these hormones. About two-thirds of breast cancers are hormone receptor-positive. Medications can be given that act to help prevent growth of the tumor from stimulation by these hormones. The image shows a molecular model of the estrogen receptor.
Many women grew up learning that they should perform routine breast self-exams. Recently, studies have shown that these exams are not as important as once believed in the early detection of cancer. Experts recommend that women be aware of their breasts and notice any changes, rather than performing checks on a regular schedule. Women who choose to do self-exams should be sure to discuss the technique with their doctor.
If you have hit 40 and are perfectly doing well, you might feel there’s no need to go for regular health check-ups. But every year you blow a candle and cut a cake, you should gift yourself a cancer screening package. Why? Because, an annual health check-ups can help you prevent and diagnose various diseases in its initial stage. Or use Tasly Health products for prevention
If you have a family history of cancer, annual screening of cancer is mandatory after your turn 40 (although once in two years is recommended once you turn 30). The common tests are –
Pap smear/HPV test: This test helps in the early diagnosis of cervical cancer. Every woman above 21 years (especially those at risk) should get a pap smear done to test for Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). If the test results are negative, the test can be done once every 3 years till they reach 40 and every year after once you cross 40.
Mammogram: It is done to detect breast cancer and every woman should get it done every year after 40. Because, the risk of breast cancer increase with age and diagnosis at the initial stage helps in the proper treatment of cancer.
Colonoscopy: This test helps in the diagnosis of colorectal cancer even before the symptoms start to appear and in 90% of cases, it is curable. So get a colonoscopy done once you reach 40. And if you have a family history of the same, say your sibling or father was diagnosed at 45 then you should get tested at 35 (before 10 years).
CA125 test: The blood levels of CA-125 (Cancer Antigen-125), a tumour marker, are raised in the case of ovarian cancer. It is a blood test that helps in early detection of ovarian cancer.
Prolactin hormone: The high blood levels of prolactin hormone in the blood indicate various health conditions like infertility, liver disease and hypothyroidism. And hence, it is important to get this test done on a yearly basis once you cross 40.
Abdominal and pelvic sonography: In most cases, women often ignore stomach ache and pain in the pelvic region. But getting an abdominal or pelvic sonography might help detect cancer at an initial stage. All the above test is very important or use Tasly Health products for prevention. DR OLA
10 common symptoms of lung cancer you need to know
Lung cancer is known to be the most common and serious types of cancer that mainly affects aged adults (above 70 years). The incidence of lung cancer in people younger than 40 years of age is low, but with age the risk of this cancer increases drastically. Smoking is one of the main causes (almost 90% of all cases) of lung cancer, but people who have never smoked can also develop this disease.
Lung cancer usually shows no signs and symptoms in its early stages and may take years to develop. And when symptoms begin to appear, it usually means that the disease is advanced or has spread to the other parts or organs of the body. Here are the most common symptoms of lung cancer usually observed in people –
Persistent cough – A cough that normally doesn’t go away within two to three weeks time or gets worse (intense). It is found that long-standing cough causes pain in the chest while coughing.
Coughing up blood – Some lung cancer patients are found to cough up rust colored sputum (mucus or phlegm) that contains blood.
Loss of appetite – It is one of the common symptoms observed in most of the cancers. People do not feel like eating (hungry) and hence tend to lose weight unintentionally
Difficulty in breathing – Feeling shortness of breath, wheezing (breathing with a noise) or chest congestion are all signs of lung cancer.
Fatigue – It is common for patients of lung cancer to feel excessively tired. This persistent weakness is due to a lack of energy and loss of appetite.
Facial and vocal changes – There are significant changes in the voice, such as your voice becomes hoarse or there is a harsh sound while breathing. In addition, swelling of the face, arms and neck may also be observed in people suffering from this disease.
Recurring infections – Due to compromised immunity and a lack of energy, the chances of getting sick are higher in these patients. In people suffering from lung cancer, infections of the respiratory system like bronchitis and pneumonia tend to recur.
Other common symptoms that usually occur in t
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